Donald Trump hizo 84 afirmaciones falsas la semana pasada

Naturalmente, hizo 84 afirmaciones falsas.

Trump agregó 15 afirmaciones falsas en intercambios con periodistas, seis en dos entrevistas con medios de New Hampshire y 10 en Twitter.

El reclamo falso más atroz: Google y la elección

Como Tim Alberta de Politico documentó en su libro “American Carnage”, la infame falsedad de Trump El tweet en 2017 sobre el ex presidente Barack Obama supuestamente interceptando sus teléfonos en la Torre Trump se produjo después de que Trump vio un segmento en Fox News.

Casualmente o no, la última acusación sensacionalista e inexacta de Trump de comportamiento nefasto se produjo después de que Fox Business emitió un segmento sobre el tema.

Trump ha encontrado varias excusas, incluyendo fraude electoral imaginario por las que no ganó el voto popular en las elecciones de 2016. Esta vez, dijo que su victoria habría sido mayor si Google no hubiera “manipulado de 2.6 millones a 16 millones de votos por Hillary Clinton”.
Esta afirmación se basó en un estudio altamente defectuoso que Trump describió incorrectamente .

La afirmación falsa más reveladora: Michigan Man

Ya hemos escrito sobre esto en detalle así que seremos breves aquí, pero detengámonos y pensemos en esto una vez más: el presidente de los Estados Unidos ha dicho al menos siete veces en tres años que fue nombrado el “hombre del año” en un estado en el que nunca ha vivido, aunque en gran medida Parece que esto nunca ha sucedido.
Desde portadas de revistas falsas hasta cumplidos falsos de los Boy Scouts, Trump tiene una creatividad ilimitada en lo que respecta al autoengrandecimiento trivial.

La afirmación falsa más absurda: la hora del día

Durante su discurso de energía el martes, Trump miró a la multitud y dijo: “Esa es mucha gente allá por un … como un discurso de las 11 en punto. Esa es mucha gente “.

No sabemos si estaba mintiendo o simplemente confundido, pero no eran las 11 en punto.

Hizo el comentario aproximadamente a las 2:40 p.m. El discurso estaba programado para las 2:10 p.m.

Aquí está la lista completa de esta semana:

Fraude electoral

Fraude electoral en California

Hechos primero : No hay evidencia de que haya fraude electoral masivo que involucre personas muertas o cualquier otra persona en California en 2016.

Trump se refería a un acuerdo legal en el que California y el condado de Los Ángeles acordaron con el grupo conservador Judicial Watch eliminar los nombres de los votantes inactivos de las listas de votantes. Pero el acuerdo no reveló ningún fraude real.

“El acuerdo de Judicial Watch no proporcionó evidencia alguna de fraude”, dijo Rick Hasen, experto en derecho electoral y profesor de derecho y ciencias políticas en la Universidad de California, Irvine.

Google y vota

“¡Guau, informe! ¡Google acaba de manipular de 2.6 millones a 16 millones de votos para Hillary Clinton en las elecciones de 2016! ¡Partidario de Clinton, no partidario de Trump! Google debería ser demandado. ¡Mi victoria fue aún mayor de lo que se pensaba! ” – 19 de agosto tuit

Hechos primero : Trump estaba equivocado acerca de los hallazgos de este estudio, y el estudio en sí tiene defectos importantes.

Aunque el estudio alega “sesgo” en los resultados de búsqueda de Google, su autor dice que no hay evidencia de que Google “manipule” los resultados de búsqueda o los resultados de las elecciones para favorecer a Clinton. Además, los críticos del estudio señalan que no estableció un vínculo entre los resultados de búsqueda y el comportamiento de votación en las elecciones presidenciales.

Puede leer nuestra verificación completa de hechos sobre este reclamo aquí .

Energía y medio ambiente

Energía eólica

“Poderoso, limpio, gas natural. Y cuando el viento deja de soplar , no hace ninguna diferencia, ¿verdad? A diferencia de esos grandes molinos de viento que destruyen los valores de propiedad de todos, matan a todas las aves. Algún día, los ambientalistas nos dirán qué está pasando con eso. Y de repente, se detiene; el viento y los televisores se apagan. Y sus esposas y esposos dicen: “Querida, quiero ver a Donald Trump en la televisión esta noche. Pero el viento dejó de soplar y no puedo mirar. No hay electricidad en la casa, querido.' No, amamos el gas natural y también muchas otras cosas “. – 13 de agosto discurso de energía en Monaca, Pennsylvania
Datos importantes : El uso de la energía eólica como parte de una combinación de fuentes de energía no causa cortes de energía , como explica el Departamento de Energía federal en su sitio web. “Los estudios han demostrado que la red puede acomodar grandes penetraciones de energía renovable variable sin sacrificar la confiabilidad y sin la necesidad de generar 'respaldo'”, dice el Departamento de Energía.

El Departamento de Energía explica que aunque los operadores de la red eléctrica deben tener en cuenta la variabilidad que conlleva el uso de energía eólica y solar, saben cómo administrar, ya que “todas las formas de generación de energía” incluyen fuentes no renovables, “a veces pueden no funcionar cuando se les solicita”.

James Manwell, profesor y director del Centro de Energía Eólica de la Universidad de Massachusetts Amherst, dijo en respuesta a una versión anterior de este reclamo de Trump : “Nadie sugiere que solo el viento suministre toda la electricidad en cualquier red eléctrica grande. Sin embargo, podría suministrar una fracción muy grande, sin impactos adversos”.

Si bien algunos valores de propiedad podrían caer cuando las turbinas eólicas se construyen cerca, los principales estudios académicos no han encontrado ninguna disminución estadísticamente significativa.

Calidad del aire

“Y no corremos riesgos. Y tenemos el aire y el agua más limpios que hemos tenido en nuestro país en este momento. Los más limpios que hemos tenido ” – Discurso energético del 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

Hechos primero : Según varias medidas, el aire de los EE. UU. Estaba más limpio bajo Obama que bajo Trump.

Tres de los seis tipos de contaminantes identificados por la Ley de Aire Limpio como tóxicos para la salud humana eran más frecuentes en el aire a partir de 2018 que antes de que Trump asumiera el cargo, según la Agencia de Protección Ambiental datos . Además, hubo más “días de aire no saludables” para grupos sensibles en 2018 que en 2016: 799 días en las 35 ciudades estadounidenses encuestadas por la EPA, en comparación con 702.

Aunque hubo significativamente más “aire no saludable” días “en el primer mandato de Obama que en el de Trump, la cantidad más baja de días aéreos insalubres, 598, ocurrió en 2014 bajo Obama.

Hillary Clinton sobre carbón y acero

“Recuerda, ella quería cerrar todo el carbón. Estaba en un área donde no hacían el carbón. Y ella dijo: “Bueno, espero cerrar todo el carbón. Va a estar cerrado. El acero va a estar en grandes problemas”. Ella se olvidó: en tres semanas, iría a West Virginia. Eso no funcionó demasiado bien “. – Discurso sobre energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

Hechos primero: Si bien Clinton hizo un comentario durante la campaña de 2016 acerca de la quiebra de mineros y compañías de carbón, lo hizo No digas nada en ese sentido sobre el acero. De hecho, ella dijo durante su campaña, “El acero es crucial para nuestra base de fabricación, crucial para nuestra seguridad nacional, y no dejaré que esta industria vital desaparecer “.
En un ayuntamiento de CNN el 13 de marzo de 2016, Clinton dijo ,” Soy el único candidato que tiene una política sobre cómo aprovechar las oportunidades económicas utilizando la energía renovable limpia como la clave para el país del carbón. Debido a que vamos a sacar a muchos mineros del carbón y compañías de carbón del negocio, ¿verdad? Y vamos a dejar en claro que no queremos olvidar a esas personas . “
Más tarde, en Virginia Occidental, Clinton se disculpó por lo que llamó una” declaración equivocada “. También dijo que sus comentarios fueron sacados de contexto.

Planta de GNL de Louisiana

“Pero esto es solo el comienzo. Mi administración está despejando el camino para otras inversiones masivas y multimillonarias. Acabamos de hacer una en Louisiana. Es una planta de $ 10 mil millones. Hay más tuberías en esa planta que he visto en mi vida … Y nunca se ha construido una planta como esa en este país, realmente, nunca, porque nunca ha habido nada tan grande. Pero no construiste plantas así porque, ambientalmente, no te dejaban. Y, sin embargo, ambientalmente, es muy bueno lo que han hecho y lo que pueden construir hoy “. – Discurso sobre energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

Datos importantes : Los permisos para la instalación que Trump visitó fueron otorgados por la administración Obama.

Trump habló en la instalación de exportación de gas natural licuado Cameron de Sempra Energy en Louisiana en mayo. La compañía dice en su sitio web: “La Comisión Reguladora Federal de Energía autorizó el proyecto en junio de 2014”. La compañía confirmó a FactCheck.org: “Tiene razón, Cameron LNG fue aprobado en 2014”.

La instalación realizó su primer envío a fines de mayo.

Producción de energía

“Tenemos los mayores recursos, que realmente surgieron en los últimos años. Nadie lo sabía. El fracking lo hizo posible. Otras nuevas tecnologías hicieron posible es posible. Y ahora somos el número uno, piénselo, como dije, el productor de energía número uno del mundo. Estoy muy orgulloso de eso porque no habríamos sido el número cinco. Iban a cerrarlo. Iban a cerrarlo “. – Discurso sobre energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

“Terminamos la guerra (cruel) de la última administración contra la energía estadounidense y estamos implementando una política de independencia energética estadounidense como nunca antes la habías visto … Y Estados Unidos es ahora el productor número uno de petróleo y gas natural en cualquier parte del mundo “. – 15 de agosto campaña de campaña en Manchester, New Hampshire
Datos importantes : Estados Unidos no se ha convertido en “ahora” en el principal productor mundial de energía: ocupó el primer lugar en 2012 bajo la misma administración Trump estaba acusando de perpetrar una “guerra” en la industria, según la Información de Energía del gobierno de los EE. UU. Administración. Estados Unidos se convirtió en el principal productor de petróleo crudo en particular durante el mandato de Trump.
“Estados Unidos ha sido el principal productor mundial de gas natural desde 2009, cuando la producción estadounidense de gas natural superó a la de Rusia, y ha sido el principal productor mundial de hidrocarburos de petróleo desde 2013, cuando su producción superó a la de Arabia Saudita “, dice la Administración de Información Energética .
Trump estaba exagerando claramente cuando dijo que “ellos” iban a “cerrarlo”. En su discurso sobre el Estado de la Unión de 2013, Obama hizo un llamado a los Estados Unidos para que se dedicaran “a la energía limpia”, pero inmediatamente agregó “Ahora, mientras tanto, el auge del gas natural ha conducido a una limpieza poder y una mayor independencia energética. Tenemos que alentar eso. Y es por eso que mi administración seguirá reduciendo la burocracia y acelerando los nuevos permisos de petróleo y gas. Eso debe ser parte de un plan completo “.

Producción de petróleo y gas de China

“Tenemos suerte. Vas a lugares como China, no tienen petróleo ni gas. No lo tienen bajo tienen que ir a comprarlo y luego devaluar su moneda y manipular su moneda. Y eso les cuesta una fortuna para salir y comprarla. Se lastiman a largo plazo “. – Discurso sobre energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

Datos importantes : China se encuentra entre los principales productores mundiales de petróleo y gas natural.

La Administración de Información de Energía de EE. UU. dice en su sitio web: “EIA estima que China posee las mayores reservas de gas de esquisto técnicamente recuperable del mundo, y China fue uno de los primeros países fuera de América del Norte para desarrollar sus recursos de esquisto “. El EIA clasificó a China como el sexto mayor productor de gas natural en 2017 y el quinto por “producción total de petróleo y otros líquidos” en 2018.
El EIA también señala a Estimación de 2015 de que “China posee 24.600 millones de barriles de reservas probadas de petróleo … la más alta en la región de Asia y el Pacífico (excluida Rusia)”. La producción de petróleo de China no satisface la creciente demanda interna, pero el gobierno está activamente buscando para aumentar la producción.

Obama y fracking

“La última administración trató de cerrar el carbón y el fracking de Pennsylvania”. – Discurso sobre energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

Hechos primero : Obama hizo intento redujo el uso de carbón, pero no hizo nada para detener la fracturación hidráulica de Pennsylvania, también conocida como fracking. De hecho, el auge del fracking de Marcellus Shale de Pennsylvania ocurrió bajo Obama .

Un representante de Marcellus Protest, un grupo de activistas voluntarios en el oeste de Pensilvania, calificó la afirmación de Trump como “pura invención” y dijo en un correo electrónico: “No tenemos evidencia ni recuerdo de que la administración de Obama haya hecho nada todo para 'cerrar … fracking de Pensilvania'. Por el contrario, el presidente Obama será recordado por describir su política energética como “todo lo anterior”. “(El representante solicitó ser citado anónimamente porque el grupo no tiene un solo portavoz designado).

Obama dijo en su Estado de la Unión 2012:” Este país necesita un … fuera, toda la estrategia anterior que desarrolla todas las fuentes disponibles de energía estadounidense … Tenemos un suministro de gas natural que puede durar casi 100 años en Estados Unidos. Y mi administración tomará todas las medidas posibles para desarrollar esta energía de manera segura “. Obama se jactó en su Estado de la Unión 2013: “Producimos más gas natural que nunca, y la factura de energía de casi todos es menor debido a eso”.
Obama presentó nuevas regulaciones sobre fracking, como una que requiere que las compañías divulguen los productos químicos que se utilizan en el proceso de fracking, pero esto ni siquiera está cerca de un intento de cerrar toda la industria de Pennsylvania.

Planta de craqueo de etano de Pensilvania

“Fue la administración Trump la que lo hizo posible. Nadie más. Sin nosotros, nunca hubieras podido hacer esto. ” – Discurso sobre energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

“Y tenemos cosas increíbles que suceden en Pensilvania. Acabamos de abrir una planta de $ 10 mil millones. Tenemos muchos de ellos subiendo. Muchos trabajos … Pensilvania, nunca habría sucedido, no les habrían permitido fracturar. Por lo tanto, nunca habrían podido construirlo. Pero qué lugar es ese “. – Manifestación de la campaña del 15 de agosto en Manchester, New Hampshire

Hechos primero : Shell anunció en junio de 2016, durante la administración de Obama, que había tomado una decisión final para construir el planta. Una comisión reguladora federal presidida por una persona designada por Trump aprobó una tubería que alimentará el etano a la planta, pero Trump está equivocado al tomar el crédito exclusivo de la planta.

Shell ha dicho que los factores clave en su decisión de construir en Pennsylvania fueron la proximidad al etano de bajo costo, la proximidad a los clientes y los incentivos fiscales del gobierno estatal.

El presidente estadounidense de Shell le dio crédito a Trump cuando lo presentó antes de su discurso en la planta el martes, diciendo: “No podríamos hacer esto sin el enfoque del presidente, también, en la infraestructura energética. Ese enfoque nos ha permitido para abrir camino en la tubería Falcon “. Aún así, “nadie más” es una exageración obvia.

Lea nuestra verificación completa de hechos sobre este reclamo aquí .

Economía

Tasas hipotecarias

“Las tasas hipotecarias están en su punto más bajo”. – Intercambio del 18 de agosto con reporteros

Datos primero : Ciertas tasas hipotecarias son las más bajas durante la administración de Trump, pero no las más bajas de todos los tiempos.

La semana pasada, Freddie Mac informó que la hipoteca de tasa fija a 30 años promedió 3.6%, que fue la tasa más baja solamente desde noviembre de 2016 . Freddie Mac dijo que estaba “cerca” de un mínimo histórico, no un mínimo histórico en sí mismo. El mínimo histórico fue 3.31% en 2012 .

Tasas de interés

“Sabes, dices que quieres bajos impuestos, buena educación, militares fuertes, fronteras fuertes, quieres tener casas seguras, quieres un hogar casa, quieres bajas tasas de interés, tienes bajas, oye, tienes bajas tasas de interés, las más bajas “. – Rally de la campaña del 15 de agosto en Manchester, New Hampshire

“Los costos por préstamos están en su punto más bajo”. – 18 de agosto intercambio con reporteros

Hechos primero : Las tasas de interés son bajas según los estándares históricos, pero no están en un mínimo histórico.

Hay varias formas de medir las tasas de interés y los costos de los préstamos, pero las principales medidas no están en su punto más bajo. La tasa efectiva de los fondos federales la tasa que los bancos se cobran entre sí por los préstamos a un día, era de 2.4% a fines de julio; estuvo muy por debajo del 1% para la totalidad de la presidencia de Obama. (Fue superior al 5% en 2007, luego se desplomó durante la recesión de 2008.)
El propio Trump ha contradicho este reclamo de “mínimo histórico”, señalando repetidamente que Obama tuvo el beneficio de trabajar con tasas de interés más bajas de las que ha tenido que trabajar.

Desempleo

“Y todos los trabajos, ya sabes, establecimos récords en trabajos. Jack, tenemos el mayor número de personas trabajando en los Estados Unidos. ahora que hemos tenido, casi 160 millones de personas, y las tasas de desempleo en el más bajo “. – 15 de agosto entrevista con Jack Heath de New Hampshire Today
Hechos primero : Es cierto que hay más personas trabajando que nunca: este número tiende a a aumentar con el crecimiento de la población, pero no es que Estados Unidos tenga su tasa de desempleo más baja.
La tasa de desempleo durante esta primavera y verano – 3.7% cada mes en julio y junio, 3.6% cada mes en mayo y abril – ha sido la más baja desde diciembre 1969, pero no el más bajo de la historia. El récord es de 2.5% en 1953.

Desempleo asiático-americano

“Y me han escuchado decirlo, pero ahora es aún mejor. Los números acaban de salir. Desempleo afroamericano: el más bajo en la historia. Asiático estadounidense, hispanoamericano: el más bajo en la historia de nuestro país “. – Discurso energético del 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

“Desempleo para afroamericanos: me han escuchado decir esto muchas veces, estoy muy orgulloso de ello: los hispanoamericanos y los asiáticoamericanos han llegado sus tasas más bajas jamás registradas en la historia de nuestro país “. – Manifestación de la campaña del 15 de agosto en Manchester, New Hampshire

Hechos primero : Trump fue exacto sobre las tasas de desempleo entre negros e hispanos, pero no la tasa para los asiáticos.

Los afroamericanos están en su tasa de desempleo más baja desde que el gobierno comenzó a rastrear estadísticas de empleo para ellos utilizando su metodología actual (en la década de 1970); Los hispanoamericanos fueron ligeramente más bajos anteriormente en el mandato de Trump, pero aún puede decir con precisión que no han sido más bajos bajo un presidente anterior.

Sin embargo, la tasa para los asiáticos fue de 2.8% en julio, más alta que la tasa de 2.6% en diciembre de 2016, el último mes completo de Obama en el cargo.

Producción automotriz

“La revolución energética también está creando nuevos empleos en Virginia Occidental, [New] México, Colorado, Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Tennessee, Carolina del Norte, Carolina del Sur, en toda nuestra hermosa tierra. No tienes idea de lo que está sucediendo, incluidas, como dije antes, las compañías automotrices. No fabricamos automóviles “. – Discurso sobre energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

Datos importantes : Obviamente no es cierto que “no hicimos autos” antes de que Trump fuera presidente. Los Estados Unidos produjeron 3,934,357 automóviles en 2016, según la Organización Internacional de Fabricantes de Vehículos Motorizados.
La producción de automóviles en realidad ha disminuido bajo la administración Trump. En 2018, se produjeron 2.795.971 automóviles .

Empleos de manufactura

“Recuerda al presidente Obama:” Necesitas magia para recuperar los trabajos de manufactura. Necesitas una varita mágica “. ¿Te acuerdas? 'No va a suceder'. Bueno, hasta ahora, hemos recuperado 600,000 empleos de fabricación “. – Discurso sobre la energía el 13 de agosto en Monaca, Pensilvania

Datos importantes : Entre enero de 2017, cuando Trump asumió el cargo, y julio de 2019, el mes más reciente con datos disponibles, el la economía había agregado 496,000 empleos de manufactura; Trump fue un poco más preciso si comienzas en noviembre de 2016, el mes de su elección, pero en ese caso son 523,000 empleos.

Además, Obama no dijo que crear empleos de fabricación “no iba a suceder”. Dijo que algunos trabajos de fabricación habían desaparecido para siempre, pero también se jactó de cuántos todavía se estaban creando.

En un ayuntamiento de PBS en Elkhart, Indiana, durante la campaña de 2016, Obama se burló de Trump por afirmar, sin esbozar un plan específico, que traería de regreso trabajos de fabricación que se habían perdido a México preguntó: “¿Qué varita mágica tienes?”

Pero Obama no dijo que toda la fabricación se había ido. También señaló que algunos fabricantes estaban volviendo, y se jactó de que “hemos visto más trabajos de fabricación creados desde que fui presidente que en cualquier otro momento desde la década de 1990” y que “en realidad hacemos más cosas, tenemos una fabricación más grande base hoy, que hemos tenido en la mayor parte de nuestra historia. “

Industria automotriz de Michigan

Contando una historia sobre su campaña de 2016 en Michigan y sus quejas anteriores sobre Trump afirmó que las compañías automotrices que abandonan el estado “ahora tienen 17 compañías que regresan”. – Manifestación de la campaña del 15 de agosto en Manchester, New Hampshire

Hechos primero : Trump fue impreciso sobre lo que quería decir con las empresas, pero no hay 17 fabricantes de automóviles que operan en Michigan, y Un experto en la industria dice que no ha habido 17 compañías automotrices de ningún tipo que se hayan ido y regresado.

“No hay 17 fabricantes de automóviles que hagan nada en Michigan, y mucho menos irse y regresar”, dijo Kristin Dziczek, vicepresidenta de industria, trabajo y economía del Centro de Investigación Automotriz. “A lo sumo, hay nueve o diez que hacen cualquier tipo de negocio corporativo (que no sean concesionarios y oficinas de ventas) en el estado”.

Verificar la actividad de las pequeñas empresas proveedoras en la industria es más difícil, pero Dziczek dijo que La parte “posterior” es claramente falsa, ya que “eso implica una compañía o planta que se fue y regresó. No ha habido 17 reversiones de inversiones en plantas que físicamente se fueron y regresaron desde enero de 2017”.

Crecimiento salarial

“Por primera vez en 20 años, los salarios están subiendo …” – 15 de agosto reunión de campaña en Manchester, New Hampshire

Datos primero : Los salarios han aumentado desde 2014, utilizando una medida común.

Hay varias formas de medir el crecimiento salarial. La mediana de los ingresos semanales habituales, una de las formas frecuentemente citadas comenzó a aumentar a mediados de 2014, aunque lentamente, después de una disminución que comenzó en el año de recesión de 2009. Las advertencias semanales habituales medias fueron de $ 330 por semana en el segundo trimestre de 2014 a $ 349 por semana en el cuarto trimestre de 2016.
Trump podría jactarse con precisión de que el crecimiento salarial durante su presidencia ha sido más rápido que bajo Obama, pero está equivocado porque esta es la primera vez que ha habido un aumento en 20 años.

Popularidad y logros

Hombre del año en Michigan

“De hecho, cinco o seis años antes incluso Pensé en correr, por cualquier razón, me nombraron hombre del año en Michigan. Le dije: “¿Cómo es que?” Ni siquiera lo entendí, pero fui nombrado hombre del año “. – Manifestación de la campaña del 15 de agosto en Manchester, New Hampshire

Hechos primero : CNN y otros medios no han encontrado evidencia de que Trump haya sido nombrado el hombre del año de Michigan.

Puede leer nuestra comprobación completa de este reclamo aquí .

La epidemia de opioides

“Realmente hemos trabajado mucho en el opioide, como saben, tremendas demandas judiciales contra las compañías farmacéuticas, y lo hemos reducido 16 , 17%, lo cual es tremendo. Eso no satisface nada, pero lo hemos reducido … Así que estamos trabajando en eso, pero hemos disminuido un 17% a partir de este momento “. – 15 de agosto entrevista con Adam Sexton de WMUR TV

Hechos primero : Trump no explicó exactamente a qué se refería, pero la mayoría Según los últimos datos disponibles, la estadística prominente asociada con la epidemia de opioides, el número de muertes por sobredosis, no ha disminuido un 16% o un 17% a nivel nacional.

Las muertes por sobredosis disminuyeron aproximadamente un 3,4% entre enero de 2018 y 2019, según los datos preliminares publicados por los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. En New Hampshire, donde Trump estaba hablando cuando hizo estos comentarios, fue del 6.6%.

Muertes por sobredosis

“… el año pasado, vimos la primera disminución nacional de muertes por sobredosis de drogas en 31 años. Es bastante sorprendente”. – Manifestación de la campaña del 15 de agosto en Manchester, New Hampshire

Datos primero : Esta fue una de las exageraciones de la marca registrada . Las muertes por sobredosis disminuyeron en 2018 por primera vez desde 1990, o 28 años, según datos preliminares del Centro Nacional de Estadísticas de Salud de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades de EE. UU.

Nombramientos judiciales

“Vamos a tener hasta 179 jueces federales en los próximos dos meses. Nadie hubiera creído que es posible. Y eso fue porque el presidente Obama no pudo completarlos. Así que heredé unos 138 asientos vacíos. Nadie puede creerlo “. – 15 de agosto intercambio con reporteros

“No sé qué les sucedió, pero llegué al cargo y tuve 138 jueces que no fueron nombrados por el presidente Obama. Entonces digo “Gracias, señor presidente, muy bien”. Y dirán: “Fue un gran presidente”. La noticia falsa: “Fue un gran presidente”. Si fue un gran presidente, ¿cómo es que me dejó 138 jueces para nombrar cuando todo el mundo dice que eso es lo más importante que un presidente de los Estados Unidos tiene que hacer “. – Rally de campaña del 15 de agosto en Manchester, New Hampshire

“E igualmente importante, tendremos, dentro de otros 90 días, 179 jueces federales … El presidente Obama no hizo su trabajo y heredé 138 puestos vacíos “. – Intercambio del 18 de agosto con los periodistas

Hechos primero : Trump no asumió el cargo con 138 vacantes judiciales. Según Russell Wheeler, miembro visitante de la Brookings Institution que rastrea los nombramientos judiciales, hubo 103 vacantes en los tribunales de distrito y de apelaciones el 1 de enero de 2017, justo antes de que Trump asumiera el cargo, más una vacante en la Corte Suprema.

Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell blocked the confirmation of many of Obama's judicial nominees late in his term.

The crowd in New Hampshire

“Look, we had, I think they said, 17,000 people outside that couldn't get in. The fire marshals close it at a certain level. The arena announced — I don't know the people at the arena — that I broke Elton John's record.” — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: Trump did break attendance records at the arena, and did beat Elton John, but he is exaggerating the amount of people who were stuck outside unable to get in.

SNHU Arena assistant general manager Jason Perry confirmed that Trump had a bigger crowd than John did at the Manchester facility, saying Trump had over 11,500 people and John just under 11,400. But Perry also said, “As for the outside, best estimate would be between 3,500 and 4,000 that gathered and couldn't get in.”

Mitch Cady, the fire marshal assigned to Trump's rally, said the overflow crowd outside appeared closer to half what the President claimed. “We estimated the size to be, conservatively, in the ballpark of 8-9,000 persons. Again, this is just an estimate based upon factors we use to establish occupant loads and the square footage the crowd was taking up,” Cady said.

Prescription drug prices

“Our ambitious campaign to reduce the price of prescription drugs has produced the largest decline in drug prices in 51 years and the only decline in 51 years.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: This was a slight exaggeration. Prescription drug prices declined last year for the first time in 46 years, according to one of several measures.

The Consumer Price Index for prescription drugs showed a 0.6% decline between December 2017 and December 2018, the first calendar-year decline since 1972. As The Washington Post pointed out in its own recent fact check, some experts say the Consumer Price Index is a flawed measure of trends in drug prices, since it doesn't include rebates that drug companies pay to insurers.
The IQVIA Institute for Human Data Science, which studies drug prices, found that “net drug prices in the United States increased at an estimated 1.5% in 2018.” Trump can reasonably cite the Consumer Price Index. He was just off on the number of years.

Right to Try

“And to help patients with life threatening illnesses, we also passed something I am so proud of — 44 years they couldn't get it passed. Right to Try.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: There had not been a 44-year push for a federal Right to Try law, experts said.

Similar laws have been passed at the state level only since 2014, after the Goldwater Institute, a libertarian think tank, began pushing for them.

Right to Try laws seek to make it easier for terminally ill patients to access experimental medications that have not received Food and Drug Administration approval for widespread use.

“I have no idea what 'they've been trying to get' for 44 years. The Right to Try law was a creation of the Goldwater Institute, and it first became state law in 2014 (in Colorado), relatively soon after it was first conceived of,” said Alison Bateman-House, assistant professor of medical ethics at New York University's Langone Health.

Veterans Choice

“And we're taking care of our military, and we're taking care of our vets. Veterans Choice: You've been hearing it about for 45 years. I got it approved. Veterans Choice. We're taking care of our veterans. We're taking care of our military like never, ever before.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

“You look at the military, you look at what we've done with VA Choice, we had VA Choice approved. I used to talk about it all the time in New Hampshire. We got VA Choice approved.” — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

“From forever, five decades, we passed for our great veterans VA Choice… ” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Trump did not get the Veterans Choice program passed. The program was signed into law by Obama in 2014.

In 2018, Trump signed the VA MISSION Act, which expanded and changed the Choice program.

Trump was not clear at the rally about what he meant by “five decades,” but he has previously claimed that people had been trying to get Veterans Choice passed for “44 years.”

Electoral votes in 2016

“They came from the hills, they came from the mountains, from the rivers, they came from all over the place. And they showed up, and they voted like nobody's seen before and it was 306 to 223, remember?” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Hillary Clinton earned 232 electoral votes to Trump's 306, not 223. This was not a one-time slip: Trump has habitually said it was “223” for Clinton.

Visits to Pennsylvania

“And this is my 13th visit to Pennsylvania during my administration, which is more than any other president to this point in the term.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: According to CBS News White House correspondent Mark Knollerwho has been maintaining comprehensive records on presidential travel since 1996, George W. Bush had made 21 visits to Pennsylvania at the same point in his term.

Beaver County, Pennsylvania

“This Shell petrochemical plant in Beaver County, Pennsylvania — I did very well here. We did very well. How many points did we win by? Does anybody know? I'll tell you. Isn't it, I think, 28 points? That's a lot.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Trump won Beaver County by 18.7 points in 2016, not 28 points.

Trump received 57.6% of the vote in the county, Hillary Clinton 38.9%.

The time of day

“Now, the press will try and spin that differently, but I'm right, okay? The fake news. That's a lot of people back there for a — like an 11 o'clock speech. That's a lot of people. That's a lot.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The speech was scheduled to begin at 2:10 p.m. Trump made this comment at about 2:40 p.m.

This might well have been a slip rather than intentional deception, but Trump was using the inaccurate time of day to suggest that the size of the media crowd was especially impressive, so we're counting it.

Wollman Rink renovation

“Even when I was doing the Wollman Rink, the city couldn't build it. Took them nine years. They had no idea what they were doing.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Trump took over the renovation of the Wollman Rink in Central Park in 1986 after the city attempted to renovate it for six yearsnot nine.

Wollman rink size

“And I had that whole big — about 70,000 feet — it's like a massive office floor, bigger than an office floor.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Wollman Rink in New York City's Central Park, which Trump renovated in the 1980s, is 33,000 square feetaccording to the Central Park website.

Mental institutions

“They closed so many — like 92% — of the mental institutions around this country over the years, for budgetary reasons.” — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: There is no evidence that backs up the President's claim that 92% of mental institutions have closed. He appeared to be conflating a decrease in the number of available beds at mental hospitals with the institutions themselves.

While the number of mental institutions has not decreased as drastically as Trump claims, the Treatment Advocacy Centre, a national nonprofit “dedicated to eliminating barriers to the timely and effective treatment of severe mental illness,” found that the amount of staffed state mental hospital beds has decreased by 96.5% from peak hospital population numbers in the 1950s to 2016.

D. Imelda Padilla-Frausto, a research scientist at UCLA's Center for Health Policy Research, said she thinks Trump has “misunderstood” the situation.

“There has never been a time period in the US where 92% of mental institutions were closed,” Padilla-Frausto told CNN. “From 1950 to 2015 there has only been a 39% reduction in state and county psychiatric hospitals — which are often referred to as 'mental institutions.' As of the most recent data in 2017, there has actually been about a 5% increase.”

Democrats

Democrats and the economy

“Our Economy is very strong, despite the horrendous lack of vision by Jay Powell and the Fed, but the Democrats are trying to 'will' the Economy to be bad for purposes of the 2020 Election. Very Selfish!” — August 19 tweet

Facts First: There is no evidence the Democrats are trying to damage the economy to hurt Trump.

Many Democrats have called on Trump to end his trade war with China, which has been cited by many economic analysts as a major factor impeding economic growth. Democrats have also urged him to pass a major infrastructure spending bill, which would serve as economic stimulus.

Joe Biden

“I think Sleepy Joe may be able to limp across the finish line. But today they announced that they're going to cut way back on his appearances because he is such a disaster, they're going to have fewer appearances. You've heard that, right? This is certain. They're going to cut way back on his appearances. Can you believe it? If I ever did that, it would be over.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Former Vice President Joe Biden's campaign did not announce that he would be cutting back on his appearances.

Trump was likely referring to an article in The Hill that said unnamed Biden “allies” were “floating” the idea of limiting his schedule to reduce his gaffes — but the article also quoted deputy campaign manager Kate Bedingfield as saying Biden didn't plan to change his approach.

Democrats' health care plans

“Every major Democrat running for president supports a massive government takeover of health care that would raid Medicare and destroy the private health insurance plans of millions of American families that they love.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Biden, the frontrunner in the Democratic polls, is proposing to allow people to keep their private insurance plans. So are several other candidatesincluding South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Pete Buttigieg, Minnesota Sen. Amy Klobuchar and Montana Gov. Steve Bullock.
Biden's plan would let people opt into a program similar to Medicare, but they could also stay on their current insurance if they preferred.

“Medicare for All” health care proposals endorsed by other Democratic presidential candidates, like Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, would mandate a Medicare-style single-payer system for everyone. These plans would indeed ban private insurance except for supplemental coverage for anything not covered by the single-payer system.

Sanders' bill, which Warren has co-sponsored, would indeed replace the current Medicare program with a new national program. But his proposal is essentially to offer a more generous version of Medicare to a greater number people, so it is misleading to say such plans would “raid” Medicare and not make clear that Medicare enrollees would still be covered.

Democrats and the border

“Yet Democrats want to open borders and Republicans want strong borders. That's your difference. One wants open borders. Who can even think of an open border? Think of it.” And: “Democrats want open borders, they don't mind crime. We do mind crime. And that's the way it is.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

“All my rhetoric is that we have to have borders, they want to have open borders.” — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

“Democrats want Open Borders and Crime! So dangerous for our Country.” — August 19 tweet

Facts First: Some Democrats, including Warren and former secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julián Castro, another Democratic presidential candidate, have advocated for a significant loosening of immigration law, including a decriminalization of the act of illegally crossing the border. But none of them have proposed literally opening the border to unrestricted migration.

During the Trump era, Democrats have voted for billions of dollars' worth of fencing and other border security measures. In 2018, Democratic leaders offered Trump $25 billion for border security in exchange for a path to citizenship for the “Dreamers,” young undocumented immigrants brought to the US illegally as children.

Obama's book deal

“I got sued on a thing called 'emoluments.' Emoluments. You ever hear the word? Nobody ever heard of it before. They went back. Now, nobody looks at Obama getting $60 million for a book. That's okay. Even though nobody in history ever got that money for a book. Obama got $60 million. Think of it: $60 million for a book. Nobody looks.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Obama did not receive $60 million for “a book.” Barack Obama and Michelle Obama secured a reported $65 million joint deal for a book by each of them.
Also, of course, the Obamas received their book deal in 2017while out of office. The Constitution's emoluments clause is about payments from foreign governments to current officeholders.
Michelle Obama's book, “Becoming,” has spent 39 weeks on The New York Times hardcover nonfiction bestseller list. The parent company of its publisher said in March that it had sold nearly 10 million copies.

The $65 million figure would make the deal the largest book deal involving a former president, with a former first lady or not.

Foreign affairs and the military

Payments to Greenland

“It's hurting Denmark very badly because they're losing almost $700 million a year carrying it. So they carry it at a great loss.” — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: Denmark's annual subsidy to Greenland, an autonomous territory of Denmark, is for less than $600 million.

According to a representative from Greenland's Ministry of Finance, Head of Division Anders Fonnesbech-Wulff, the grant for 2019 is expected to amount to 3.86 billion Danish kroner (DKK), which is approximately $573 million. The amount has increased slightly over the years, from $547 million (3.68 billion DKK) in 2016 to $553 million (3.72 billion DKK) in 2017 to $568 million (3.82 billion DKK) in 2018. All US dollar amounts are based on the Tuesday exchange rate.

The Iran deal

“You saw we ended the Iran disaster. How about that? We paid them $150 billion, $1.8 billion in cash. Cash, cash, cash. We got nothing.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: The second figure is roughly correct, but the first is exaggerated.

The Iran nuclear deal allowed the country to access tens of billions in its own assets that had been frozen in foreign financial institutions because of sanctions; experts say the total was significantly lower than $150 billion.

Trump did not invent the $150 billion figure out of thin air: Obama himself mused in a 2015 interview about Iran having “$150 billion parked outside the country.” But experts on Iran policy, and Obama's own administration, said that the quantity of assets the agreement actually made available to Iran was much lower.

In 2015, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew put the number at $56 billion. PolitiFact reported that Garbis Iradian, chief economist at the Institute of International Finance, put it at about $60 billion.
Adam Szubin, a senior Treasury Department official, testified to Congress in 2015 that the “usable liquid assets” would total “a little more than $50 billion.” The rest of Iran's foreign assets, he said, were either tied up in “illiquid” projects “that cannot be monetized quickly, if at all, or are composed of outstanding loans to Iranian entities that cannot repay them.”

As Trump regularly notes, the Obama administration did send Iran $1.7 billion to settle a decades-old dispute over a purchase of US military goods Iran made before its government was overthrown in the Islamic Revolution of 1979.

The war in Afghanistan

“Just completed a very good meeting on Afghanistan. Many on the opposite side of this 19 year war, and us, are looking to make a deal – if possible!” — August 16 tweet

“I think just that we've been there for 19 years. We're like a police force.” — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: This was a small exaggeration. The US invaded Afghanistan in October 2001, less than 18 years ago. This was not a one-time slip though; Trump habitually says “19 years.”

NATO spending

“And my biggest fan is Secretary General (Jens) Stoltenberg from NATO. He said, 'Until President Trump came along, we were going like' [moves hand in a downward sloping motion] boom, they would have been finished very quickly.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Military spending by NATO members other than the US was not declining, nor was NATO on the brink of being “finished,” prior to Trump's presidency.

According to official NATO figuresspending increased by 1.8% in 2015 and 2.6% in 2016, before Trump took office. Trump-era increases have been higher — 6% in 2017 and an estimated 3.8% in 2018 — and Stoltenberg has credited Trump for his role in prompting the increase. But the upward trend started two years before Trump's tenure began.
In 2014, NATO countries who were not yet meeting the alliance guideline of spending 2% of their Gross Domestic Product on defense re-committed to meeting the target. Spending began rising after that.

Venezuela's wealth

“You see what happened to Venezuela with socialism. Venezuela 15 years ago was one of richest countries. Now, they don't have water, they don't have food, they don't have anything.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Venezuela was not one of the world's richest countries 15 years ago.

The International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook ranked Venezuela 67th in the world in 2004 by GDP per capita, at $4,019 (US) — better than more than half of the world's countries, but nowhere near the top.

“Venezuela was one of the richest countries in the world 60 years ago. The richest in Latin America 40 years ago. But not 20 years ago,” Ricardo Hausmann, a former Venezuelan planning minister and central bank board member, said in response to a previous version of this Trump claim. Hausmann, now a Harvard University professor of economic development, was chief economist of the Inter-American Development Bank from 1994 to 2000.

The Golan Heights

“And just three months ago, we also recognized the Golan Heights as being a part of and protected by Israel.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Trump recognized Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights in Marchnearly five months prior. (He has often moved the date of past achievements closer to the present.)

Military planes

“When I took over our military was sad. We weren't flying half of our planes, they were old.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: In fiscal year 2016, 72.1% of the Air Force's fleet was flyable. It was 71.3% in fiscal year 2017, the Air Force Times reported.

The readiness of Air Force planes was on the decline before Trump took office, but “we weren't flying half our planes” is an exaggeration.

Trade

Who is paying for the tariffs on China

“No, we're doing this for Christmas season, just in case some of the tariffs would have an impact on US customers, which, so far, they've had virtually none.” — August 13 exchange with reporters
“Through massive devaluation of their currency and pumping vast sums of money into their system, the tens of billions of dollars that the U.S. is receiving is a gift from China. Prices not up, no inflation. Farmers getting more than China would be spending. Fake News won't report!” — August 13 tweet
“Good things were stated on the call with China the other day. They are eating the Tariffs with the devaluation of their currency and 'pouring' money into their system.” — August 14 tweet
“We are winning, big time, against China. Companies & jobs are fleeing. Prices to us have not gone up, and in some cases, have come down.” — August 14 tweet

“We are taking in billions of dollars in tariffs. And again, China is devaluing their currency, they're pouring out money, the prices haven't gone up. So that means we are taking in billions of dollars, we are not paying for it and ultimately their devaluations are going to hurt them very badly.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

“The tariffs have really bitten into China. They haven't bitten into us at all — except for the reporters that want to make it look that way, but they don't understand what's happening. The tariffs, we've taken in close to $60 billion in tariff money. And the consumer has not paid for them. Now, at some point, they may have to pay something. But they understand that.” — August 15 exchange with reporters

“Import prices down, China eating Tariffs.” — August 18 tweet

“…We're not paying for the tariffs, China is paying for the tariffs, for the 100th time. And I understand tariffs very well. Other countries, it may be that if I do things with other countries, but in the case of China, China is eating the tariffs, at least so far.” — August 18 exchange with reporters

Facts First: American importers make the actual tariff payments, and economic studies have found that Americans, not people and companies in China, have borne most of the cost.

This same week, Trump acknowledged at least the possibility that tariffs on China might hurt US consumers when he delayed planned additional tariffs until December 15. Peter Navarro, his trade adviser, described the move as a “Christmas present to the nation.”

A March paper from economists at Columbia, Princeton and the New York Federal Reserve found that the “full incidence” of Trump's tariffs has fallen on domestic companies and consumers — costing them $3 billion a month by the end of 2018. The paper also found that the tariffs led to a reduction in US income by $1.4 billion a month.
A separate academic paper also found that the tariffs led to higher consumer prices. It estimated that the tariffs will result in a $7.8 billion-per-year decline in income.
The White House's Economic Report of the President also acknowledged that American consumers do pay some of the cost of these tariffs. Domestic producers, according to the report, benefit from price increases from the tariffs, but “offsetting these benefits are the costs paid by consumers in the form of higher prices and reduced consumption.”

Some Chinese suppliers might take on some of the burden of the tariff by reducing their prices to maintain a market in the United States, but these studies show that the burden heavily falls on US consumers and companies.

Trade deficit with China

“China is taking out $500 billion a year, and much more than that, if you include the theft of intellectual property.” — August 13 exchange with reporters

“China has taken out over $500 billion a year for many years from our country. And that's not going to happen anymore.” And: “We can't allow China to take, out of our country, $507 billion every year, not including intellectual property theft and so many other things.” — August 15 exchange with reporters

“China is ripping our country like has never happened before in history with any country. They were taking out $500 billion a year, $500 billion, and that's not including intellectual property theft, which they were stealing like crazy.” — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

“While others allowed China to freely loot the US economy, $500 billion dollars a year. Not million, not million. Billion, with a B.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: The US has never had a $500 billion trade deficit with China.

The 2018 deficit was $381 billion when all kinds of trade were considered, $420 billion when counting goods alone and excluding services. Those were both record figures.

We'll ignore Trump's suggestion that a trade deficit amounts to China taking or looting money from the US, which is rejected by most economists.

Farmers and China

“And by the way, the biggest beneficiary, you know who have been great? Our great farmers have been so incredible because they have been targeted by China.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: While farmers have not unequivocally benefited from the tariffs, the Trump administration has attempted to compensate for losses due to tariffs as part of the ongoing trade war between the US and China.

The New York Times reported on July 15 that Trump's tariffs on China had generated about $21 billion as of July 10. As Trump noted later last week, he has promised a total of $28 billion in aid to farmers over the last two years — so the tariff revenue so far does not even cover the cost of his pledge.
Many farmers and agricultural groups continue to speak out about the harm the tariffs are causing them and to say that they would prefer the elimination of the tariffs to continued government aid.

Trade deficit with Japan

“I told (Japanese) Prime Minister (Shinzo) Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.'…But the deficit is massive, which — changing rapidly…But we're losing $78 billion.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The US trade deficit with Japan in goods and services was $58 billion in 2018. It was $68 billion when counting trade in goods alone and ignoring trade in services.

Exports to Japan

“Many car plants — they're coming in from Japan. I told Prime Minister Abe — great guy. I said, 'Listen, we have a massive deficit with Japan.' They send thousands and thousands — millions — of cars. We send them wheat. Wheat. That's not a good deal. And they don't even want our wheat. They do it because they want us to at least feel that we're okay. You know, they do it to make us feel good.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: The US exports far more than just wheat to Japan. Japan is the 4th biggest export market for the US, buying $120.4 billion in US goods and services in 2018.

In 2018, the US exported to Japan $8.8 billion in mineral fuels, $8.2 billion in machinery, $7.5 billion in optical and medical instruments and $13 billion in agricultural products, according to the Office of the US Trade Representative.

Wheat is not even the top agricultural export to Japan. Wheat exports totaled $698 million in 2018, behind corn, beef, pork and soybeans.

There is no apparent basis for Trump's claim that Japan only buys US wheat to make Americans feel good.

The steel industry

“Pennsylvania steel raised the skyscrapers that built our cities. And, by the way, steel — steel was dead. Your business was dead. Okay? I don't want to be overly crude. Your business was dead.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: It is not true that “steel was dead” before Trump imposed his tariffs last year. Though US Steel had significantly declined from its heyday and had faltered for much of the decade, it had earned a profit in 2017. Other American steel companies, notably Nucor, were thriving before the tariffs.

Bloomberg reported in an October 2018 fact check: “In fact, US steelmakers Nucor Corp. and Steel Dynamics Inc. were two of the healthiest commodity companies in the world before Trump took office.” Nucor reported consolidated net earnings of $1.3 billion for 2017 and $796 million for 2016. Steel Dynamics earned $813 million in 2017 and $382 million in 2016.

Once-dominant US Steel, a company Trump has regularly referenced, earned $387 million in 2017, the year before Trump imposed the tariffs. The company had struggled so badly in the years prior that it was dropped in 2014 from the S&P 500 stock index, but it was certainly not dead.

Steel plants before the tariffs

“I'll tell you what: Those steel mills — US Steel and all of them, all of them — they're expanding all over the place. New mills. New expansions. We hadn't have — we didn't have a new mill built in 30 years, and now we have many of them going up.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: It is not true that no steel mills had been built in 30 years prior to Trump's presidency or prior to his tariffs.

V&M Star announced a $650 mill in Ohio in 2010. Big River Steel announced a $1 billion mill in Arkansas in 2013. Benteler Steel/Tube broke ground on a $975 million mill in Louisiana the same year.

Various other plants were idled or closed over the past 30 years, but it's simply false that none were built.

World Trade Organization record

“And, you know, we were losing all our cases until I came along. We were losing all our cases in the World Trade Organization. Almost every case, we were — lost, lost, lost. They thought we were stupid. They were the ones ruling. And then I came along. Now we're winning a lot of cases because they know that they're not on very solid ground. We will leave, if we have to. And all of the sudden, we're winning a lot of cases. We're winning most of our cases. And it's only because of attitude, because we know that they have been screwing us for years. And it's not going to happen any longer. They get it. They get it. So they're giving us victories. They're giving us victories.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: There is no basis for Trump's claim that the US was losing “all” of its WTO cases before he came along. Contrary to Trump's repeated assertion, the US has long been successful in WTO disputes: his own Council of Economic Advisers said in a report in February 2018 that the US had won 86% of the cases it has brought since 1995.

The global average was 84% and China's figure 67%. As is standard for the WTO, the US tended to lose cases where it is defending the case rather than bringing it — but even in those cases, Trump's advisers noted that it did better (25% victory rate) than the world average (17% ) or China's record (just 5%).

A Bloomberg Law review in March of this year found that the US success rate in cases it brings to the WTO had increased extremely slightly since Trump took office, from 84.8% in 2016 to 85.4%. So there's a kernel of truth to Trump's claim, but an increase of 0.6 percentage points does not seem to justify his story about his “attitude” producing a significant change.

The WTO and China

“By the way, World Trade Organization, it made China. China made themselves. They did a good job. But they ripped off our country for years, and with our money and World Trade Organization backing. And then they took advantage of the rules of the World Trade Organization. And I'm being nice when I say 'took advantage.' Much more than 'took advantage.' They went up like a rocket ship. They were flat-lined for 100 years. And then, one day, World Trade Organization — a terrible move.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: China's economy was not “flat-lined for 100 years” before it became a member of the World Trade Organization in late 2001. China had experienced significant growth for years prior.

According to World Bank figuresChina grew by 7.7% in 1999, 8.5% in 2000 and 8.3% in 2001. It then grew by 9.1% in 2002, 10.0% in 2003 and 10.1% in 2004. Its post-WTO growth peaked at 14.2% in 2007 — almost identical to its growth in 1992.

Nicholas Lardy of the Peterson Institute for International Economics wrote in 2008: “China has been the fastest growing economy in the world over almost three decades, expanding at 10 per cent per year in real terms.” In an email to CNN in July, when Trump made another version of this comment, Lardy said, “Uninformed would be the best characterization of the President's comment.”

Japan and auto plants

“But what they're doing is they're buying a lot of our stuff, including our military equipment. They're building car plants now in the United States — in Michigan, in Pennsylvania. Many, many of the Japanese car companies are coming over and building car plants in the United States.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

Facts First: Japanese automakers are not building new plants in Michigan and Pennsylvania. Two Japanese automakers, Toyota and Mazda, have announced plans to build a US plant during Trump's presidency; their joint venture is under construction in Alabama.

Trump has said since last year that Japan's Abe, has told him that more Japanese automakers will soon announce major US investments. But none of the companies has announced a new US plant since Toyota and Mazda introduced the joint venture in early 2018.

“There are no Japanese automakers currently building plants or making announcements that they plan to build manufacturing plants in Michigan or Pennsylvania,” said Kristin Dziczek, the Center for Automotive Research's vice president for industry, labor and economics.

Japanese automakers have made additional investments in existing facilities.

Tariff revenue

“I just see where we've collected close to $59 billion in tariffs so far. And, in my opinion, the consumer has not paid for it because of the devaluation by China. They devalued and they pumped a lot of money into their system. So, it's really been an amazing — it's been an amazing period of time.” And: “The only impact has been that we've collected almost $60 billion from China — compliments of China.” — August 13 exchange with reporters

Facts First: The figure that is close to $60 billion is for revenue generated by duties on all countries this year, not just tariffs on China.

In its monthly report to Congress for July, the Treasury Department noted that the US has collected $57 billion in customs duties this year.
The New York Times reported in July that Trump's tariffs on China had generated $20.8 billion as of then.

US Steel

“Together, we're restoring this nation's industrial might and we are doing it with American iron, American aluminum and American steel. We're doing steel. Steel industry is hot. They were dumping steel all over. They were destroying our companies. US Steel now, all of them — they're all expanding. The steel industry is back, it's doing great.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: We give Trump broad leeway to claim that the industry is doing well, but US Steel is not currently expanding. It announced in June that it would idle two of its blast furnaces in the US, one in Indiana and one in Michigan, plus another furnace in Europe.
US Steel revealed the week after Trump spoke that it would temporarily lay off 200 workers at the Michigan facility. Though the company has been profitable since Trump imposed his tariffs on foreign steel last year, its stock price has plummeted more than 70%.

The New York Times

“The New York Times will be out of business soon after I leave office, hopefully in 6 years. They have Zero credibility and are losing a fortune, even now, especially after their massive unfunded liability. I'm fairly certain they'll endorse me just to keep it all going!” — August 18 tweet

Facts First: The New York Times Company is making profits and is not on the verge of going out of business.

Two weeks before Trump's tweet, the company announced second quarter operating profit of $37.9 million. Its first quarter operating profit was $34.6 million.

Building the wall

“Think of it, we protect the border of South Korea, but we don't protect our own border. But now we are. And the wall is being built…The wall is being — and we're going to have a lot of it. We're going to have anywhere from 400 to 500 miles built by the end of next year. We're building a lot of wall and we need it.” — August 13 energy speech in Monaca, Pennsylvania

“…We're building the wall. It's going up now, you know, we won the big lawsuit three weeks ago. The wall is proceeding very rapidly. We need it.” — August 15 interview with Jack Heath of New Hampshire Today

“…the Wall is under major construction! ” — August 15 tweet

“…and by the way, the wall is being built.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: Nothing resembling the wall Trump campaigned on has been built at any speed. Zero additional miles of border barriers had been erected as of mid-June.

About 50 miles have been built over his two and a half years in office, but all of them are replacement barriers rather than additional miles.

According to Customs and Border Protection, 47 miles “of new border barriers in place of dilapidated design” had been completed as of June 14. The Washington Examiner reported on July 20 that the total was up to 51 miles of such replacement barriers, but that no additional miles had been built. (Customs and Border Protection did not respond to our request for updated information in the wake of the Examiner story.)

Trump has started arguing since this spring that replacement fencing should be counted by the media as his “wall,” since he is replacing ineffective old barriers with effective modern ones. This is subjective, but we think it's fair to focus on the new barriers he promised during his campaign.

Pre-existing conditions

“And you have to remember this: Republicans, and I speak for every one of them, we will always protect pre-existing conditions. We are going to protect, always.” — August 15 campaign rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Facts First: We usually don't fact-check promises, but this one has already proved untrue. The Trump administration and congressional Republicans have repeatedly put forward bills and lawsuits that would weaken Obamacare's protections for people with pre-existing conditions.
Trump is currently supporting a Republican lawsuit that is seeking to declare all of Obamacare void. He has not issued a plan to reinstate the law's protections for people with pre-existing conditions if the suit succeeds.


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